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Monday, May 4, 2020 | History

2 edition of Effects of distractor modality on tactile short-term memory found in the catalog.

Effects of distractor modality on tactile short-term memory

Barry L. Richardson

Effects of distractor modality on tactile short-term memory

[by] Barry L. Richardson [and] A. Jackson.

by Barry L. Richardson

  • 242 Want to read
  • 31 Currently reading

Published by Scarborough College, University of Toronto in Toronto .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Touch,
  • Psychology, Physiological

  • Edition Notes

    Title on cover: Tactile short-term memory. Bibliography: p. 25-27.

    Other titlesTactile short-term memory
    SeriesPapers in language use and language function, no. 12, Papers in language use and language function -- no. 12
    ContributionsJackson, Ross A., jt. author
    The Physical Object
    Pagination27 p. ;
    Number of Pages27
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL20802344M

    The effects of auditory deviants remained throughout the auditory part of the experiment whereas the effects of tactile deviants did not. Our results indicate that although deviance distraction may share similar mechanisms, the temporal aspects of deviance distraction might be dissimilar in the two : Erik Marsja, Gregory Neely, Jessica K. Ljungberg. Penney CG () Modality effects in short-term verbal memory. Psychol Bull 68– View Article Google Scholar Penney CG () Modality effects and the structure of short-term verbal memory. Mem Cognition – View Article Google Scholar Cited by:

    • Capacity of short-term memory is limited – Miller, • Duration of short-term memory is brief – Peterson and Peterson, • Two storage mechanisms active in free recall – Glanzer and Cunitz, • Impact of neurological damage on STM –H.M. –K.F. – Size: KB. They found that the color of the word and the color of the cue card had an effect on context memory but not for the colors themselves. We have decided to use green ink rather than the standard black ink. Journal of Experimental Psychology / Learning, Memory & Cognition; May, Vol. 30 Issue 3, p, 10p.

    (English) In: Frontiers in Psychology, ISSN , E-ISSN , Vol. 10, p. , article id Article in journal (Refereed) Published Abstract [en] This study examines the potential vulnerability of short-term memory processes to distraction by spatial changes within to-be-ignored bimodal, vibratory, and auditory : Erik Marsja, John Marsh Everett, Patrik Hansson, Gregory Neely. The Motivating Effects of Distraction on Task Performance Glenn S. Sanders and Robert Steven Baron University of Iowa Two studies were conducted to assess whether distraction has drivelike effects on task performance. In both, the effects of distraction over all trials interacted.


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Effects of distractor modality on tactile short-term memory by Barry L. Richardson Download PDF EPUB FB2

The authors suggest that the effect of distraction is to reduce the fidelity of retrieval from long-term memory (LTM), and that limited capacity control processes attempt to resolve the difference between target information and noisy interference.

These resolving operations are effective when the task is relatively easy and the distracting information qualitatively different from target information (e.g., no effect of auditory distraction on recognition memory Cited by: Immediate responses were faster and more accurate than responses under 5 sec.

unfilled delay. Effects of distractors were similar for blind and sighted children. The blind were less accurate, but faster than the sighted. This did not interact with the distractor term. The results were consistent with a two‐process theory of tactile by: rehearsal in short-term memory. Theinterpretation ofthe modality effect in terms of an auditory sensory store ac­ counted for many effects known at the time, and it cer­ tainly stimulated new work.

However, it had one unin­ tended but unfortunate effect: The PAS model relegated modality effects to a peripheral place in memory.

A sen­Cited by:   Four experiments are reported on effects of attention‐demanding and modality‐specific distractors on tactile recognition by blind and sighted children.

Distractors produced significant response decrements by 9‐ to 10‐ and 5‐ to 7‐year‐olds. The effects of auditory and visual presentation upon short-term retention of verbal stimuli are reviewed, and a model of the structure of short-term memory The main assumption of the model is that verbal information presented to the auditory and visual modalities is processed in separate streams that have different properties and by: According to this definition, it is a form of memory which may be compared with memory for information transmitted through other sensory systems such as auditory, tactile, or olfactory memory.

The type of information that is processed (colors, music, smells) and which cannot be translated between modalities captures important characteristics of modality-specific memories. Mechanisms of Sensory Working Memory: Attention and Performance XXV. provides an update on the research surrounding the memory processes that are crucial for many facets of cognitive processing and experience, with new coverage of emerging areas of study, including a new understanding of working memory for features of stimuli devoid of verbal, phonological, or long-term memory.

direct record of senses; refers to memories involving very brief storage of information within a specific sensory modality such as visual information, auditory information, tactile information, and smell information.

Iconic memory. refers to visual. the serial position curve is seen regardless of lengths. the first items recalled will be the last few list items, followed by the first few items. items will be rehearsed less and less as the serial position increases. the recency effect, not the primary effect, is.

Effect of Distractor Tasks on Working Memory Marisa Emmons, Mariah Maddern, Joanna Perez, and Brandon Dinh PSYCHDepartment of Psychology California State University, Stanislaus Procedure Results Experimental Group Participants were.

The present paper contrasts two modality effects in verbal short-term recall. The first one is the standard modality effect according to which recall is better for auditorily than for visually presented lists (and sentences). This effect is independent of the modality of by: 8.

Auditory Distraction and Short-Term Memory: Phenomena and Practical Implications. Irrelevant sound tends to break through selective attention and impair cognitive performance.

This observation has been brought under systematic scrutiny by laboratory studies measuring interference with memory performance during exposure to irrelevant sound. It has been proposed that auditory stimuli are more temporally discriminable in memory than visual stimuli.

Studies using the continual-distractor paradigm have provided both supporting and contradictory evidence for this hypothesis. The conflicting reports differed, however, in the modality of the interleaved distractor tasks.

The present experiments manipulated both word and distractor Cited by: Interactions Between Modality of Working Memory Load and Perceptual Load in Distractor Processing Article (PDF Available) in The Journal of General Psychology (3) July with Reads.

In short-term sentence recall studies, emphasis is placed on words in a distractor-word list when requesting information from the remembered sentence. This demonstrates the modality effect can be more than auditory or visual. For serial recall, the modality effect is seen in an increased memory span for auditorally presented lists.

Memory span is defined as the maximum number of items that participants correctly recall in 50% of trials. Short-term memory (STM) is the second stage of the multi-store memory model proposed by the Atkinson-Shiffrin. The duration of STM seems to be between 15 and 30 seconds, and the capacity about 7 items.

limited duration (storage is very fragile and information can be lost with distraction or passage of time). Maintenance of tactile short-term memory for locations is mediated by spatial attention. Biological Psychology, 89, 39 – Crossref, Google Scholar: Katus, T., & Eimer, M. Lateralized delay period activity marks the focus of spatial attention in working memory: Evidence from somatosensory event-related brain by: 1.

Studies have examined the impact of distraction on basic task performance (e.g., working memory, motor responses), yet research is lacking regarding its impact in the domain of think-aloud cognitive assessment, where the threat to assessment validity is high. The Articulated Thoughts in Simulated Situations think-aloud cognitive assessment paradigm was employed to Cited by: 6.

The Effects of Chunking and Distraction on Short Term Memory Recall. Abstract. This report aimed to investigate the effects of distraction and chunking on short term memory performance. A serial recall task was used to investigate this in a sample of 20 male and female undergraduate student in a within subject design.

The immediate memory modality effect is often attributed to the beneficial effects of a separate auditory sensory store (Crowder and Morton, ). However, both the immediate-memory modality effect (Nairne, ) and the long-term modality effect (Conway and Gathercole, ) have been attributed to item distinctiveness.

Effects of Distractions on Short-Term Recall References Procedure Beaman, C. C., Hanczakowski, M., Hodgetts, H., Marsh, J., & Jones, D. (). Memory as.

Effects of irrelevant sounds on phono-logical coding in reading comprehension and short-term memory. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Experimental Psychology, 49A, Bregman.When increasing distraction helps learning: Distractor number and content interact in their effects on memory Kate Nussenbaum1 & Dima Amso2 & Julie Markant3 # The Author(s) This article is an open access publication Abstract Previous work has demonstrated that increasing the number of distractors in a search array can reduce in.